The next big thing for infrared cameras is being used to make accurate temperature measurements for the first time, according to researchers.
The technique has the potential to revolutionise how people and businesses monitor climate change.
Key points: Using infrared cameras, researchers can determine when and where the surface of the planet is hot The technique can be used to pinpoint changes in temperatures in areas that are hot and cold, such as on volcanoesThe new technique, developed by scientists from the University of Adelaide, was published in the journal Nature Communications.
The study was led by Dr Jennifer Dickson, a postdoctoral fellow at the University’s Institute of Environmental Sciences.
“It’s an important new way of measuring temperature changes and also determining when and places where they are happening,” Dr Dickson said.
“It gives us a very good idea of how the climate is changing and can tell us how much that is changing.”
The technique, called thermocouple spectroscopy, was developed by researchers at the Australian National University and University of California, Santa Barbara, who used a combination of high-performance cameras and lasers to capture images of the surface temperatures of the Earth’s oceans, land, atmosphere and the atmosphere.
The images showed the temperature changes over time and could be used as a tool for monitoring the impact of climate change, as well as predicting the weather.
“We used it to make very precise temperature measurements of volcanoes,” Dr Sondre Børgaard, one of the researchers from the Australian University, said.
“And we can measure changes in the surface temperature with this technique.”
The technology was developed to help scientists understand how volcanic eruptions can affect Earth’s climate.
It was developed as part of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Earth Systems Research’s Advanced Research Program, which is focused on developing technology to improve global resilience to climate change impacts.
“This is a technology that can be really important for us to know the weather,” Dr Bøbgaard said.
The researchers used a technique called thermal infrared imaging (TIE), which is a technique used to measure the thermal properties of materials, such a metal or plastic.
The TIE technique uses light to focus onto the surface, and uses infrared light to capture light from a large number of individual photons.
Dr Dutton and Dr Dabæk from the ARC centre of excellence for Earth systems research combined TIE with infrared camera images to determine the temperature of the surfaces of the oceans, the atmosphere and ground.
“When we were doing the infrared, we had to make a calibration,” Dr Nels Olsen, a professor of environmental engineering at the ARC and co-author of the paper, said, referring to the infrared image.
“We had to get all of the pixels right.
And that is difficult because they are not all at the same brightness.”‘
A really good example of the future’Dr Dickson and Dr Olsen used the technique to create a temperature map of the ocean, and the team used that information to map the surface properties of volcanic regions on Earth.
“The temperature map shows how hot is the surface and how cold is the ocean,” Dr Olsen said.
“This information allows us to make an accurate estimate of where the volcano is located in relation to the ocean.”
The researchers then used the infrared images to predict the amount of volcanic activity that could affect Earth, and predict how hot or cold the surface would be in relation the surface.
This is important because, as climate change progresses, volcanoes could start to erupt more often.
“[TIE] allows us a lot of information to know how hot it is,” Dr Cian Jettner, another co-lead author from the Australia-based ARC Centre for Earth System Research, said in a statement.
“Because we can now see the surface from above, we can say that there is a volcanic eruption on the ocean surface and that we should expect a greater eruption from the surface than the volcano itself.”
That is a really good indication that it is a good example to use.
“Using infrared technology to monitor temperature changes on the surface is an important tool for the future, Dr Jettener said.
It can be combined with other techniques to create better weather forecasts, such weather models.
The technology is currently being used by many businesses and organizations, such the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the US National Science Foundation.
The researchers plan to continue developing the technology to provide information on the global climate, such temperature and humidity trends.”
If we want to know if there is an eruption in the next couple of days, we could use the data to identify the volcano and say: ‘Hey, this is an indication that this eruption is imminent, so we are in a very bad situation,'” Dr Dampson said.
We need to be looking ahead”
I would say it is the future.
We need to be looking ahead